The City of Dexter
The City of Dexter, as well as the Township, derives its name from the Hon. Samuel W. Dexter, who bought a large tract of land in this vicinity and founded what would become the City of Dexter. First settled in 1824, the city was first known as "Mill Creek Settlement." The first sawmill, built by partners Ousterout and Hull, appeared in 1827 and the first grist mill in 1844. By 1830, the settlement itself began appearing on maps as Dexter.
Dexter residents appointed Judge Dexter to County Court Justice in 1826 and first held court here in 1827. That same year, he established a post office in his home and carried the mail for the entire area to and from Ann Arbor by horseback.
The first merchant, Charles Coudin came to Dexter in 1830. Alexander Crane, the first blacksmith, found three homes on the plat when he arrived that year. The the village also built its first school that year. The Village of Dexter is said to have been laid out in such a way that the sun could shine on both sides of each street all day.
Judge Dexter's home was built in 1841 by Calvin Fillmore whose brother Millard Fillmore became president of the United States in 1850. Judge Dexter's home was called Gordon Hall.